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The Fusiform Face Area

The fusiform face area can be found in the temporal lobe. This area of the brain is thought to become active when we recognise faces, highlighting the specificity which can occur within our visual system. It has also been suggested that this area is involved in more than just the simple recognition of faces, but that it can also recognise fine distinctions between well-known objects. 

There is a condition called Prosopagnosia, also referred to as "Face Blindness", in which the ability to recognise faces is impaired, whilst other aspects of visual processing remain intact. Prosopagnosia has been linked with damage/lesions to the Fusiform Face Area, providing evidence for the role of this region in face recognition.