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The Hippocampus

The hippocampus plays an important role in the conversion of information from the short term memory to the long term memory. This means that the hippocampus is important when we form new memories about our experiences. In line with its role in memory formation, the hippocampus helps us to detect when something/someone is novel to us (i.e. not currently stored in our memory). Interestingly, damage to the hippocampus does not affect our memory for learning new skills, such as riding our bike or playing an instrument ('procedural memory').

The hippocampus also aids us in spatial memory and navigation. In fact, London taxi drivers have been found to have a larger hippocampus as they regularly remember complex routes and navigate the roads!